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The census produces estimates for the number of people and households in Scotland. It also tells the story of the population by collecting detailed demographic information about the people, families and households. These characteristics are based on the census questions such as religion, ethnicity, age, qualifications and employment, and give us the information to help to understand the make-up of an area.

Census Quality Survey (CQS)

The Census Quality Survey is a voluntary survey carried out after the census to measure the accuracy of responses in the census. The survey asked a sample of the population the same questions as asked on the census so answers could be compared between the census and the CQS. Where responses differed, follow-up questions were asked of the respondents to determine why.

Census Coverage Survey (CCS)

To account for people and households who may not have been counted by the census, or who may have been counted more than once or counted in the wrong place, a Coverage Assessment and Adjustment (CAA) methodology was used to identify the number of people and households affected and to adjust the 2011 Census estimates accordingly.


A census is the procedure of gathering and recording information about the members of a population. Scotland’s Census is the official count of every person and household which takes place once every ten years.


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