No kidding - Population
Over the last 150 years the proportion of children in Scotland’s population has steadily declined. In 1851, 36 per cent of the population was under 15. Now, with an ageing population, its only 19 per cent.
* From Scotland's Census 1851
The big 4-0 - Health
In 1851, life expectancy was 40 for men and 44 for women. Children had a 1 in 7 chance of dying before their first birthday. Thankfully, things have improved. Babies now have a 99.5 per cent survival rate, and life expectancy for men is 74 years and 79 years for women.
*Scotland’s Census doesn’t measure life expectancy.
A dram too few - Culture
In the 1850s, Scotland’s consumption of whisky was about 1.6 gallons a year per person. By 1931, our yearly whisky intake had nipped down to 0.4 gallons.
*Scotland’s Census doesn’t ask about your alcohol consumption.
Contemporary historical facts:
1850 – Following a massive storm, the Neolithic village of Scara Brae is discovered in Orkney
1853 – 1856 The Crimean War is fought between the Russian Empire on one side and an alliance of Britain, France, Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire on the other. At the battle front, Florence Nightingale begins her campaign for hospital reforms.
1855- David Livingstone , the Scottish missionary-explorer and human rights campaigner, reaches the Victoria Falls and describes them to a European audience for the first time.
1859- Darwin’s 'Origin of Species' is published. His theory of evolution changes the way people think about human history and the environment– as well as challenging traditional religious teaching.